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VATICAN, ORIGINS OF THE NAME

In ancient times, it was the name of a hill on Tiber’s right bank, used as a pasture for cattle. Agrippina the Elder had gardens on its slopes, while Nero built there a private circus. After years of neglect, during which the hill became a graveyard, emperor Constantine, between 326 and 333, had the top of the hill leveled, thus allowing the edification of the first basilica dedicated to saint Peter.

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