LION VS WOLF: THE SYMBOLS OF ROME
The mythical she-wolf nursing Romulus and Remus (sons of Mars and Rea Silvia, a vestal virgin) is the symbol of Rome. Through different Roman eras, it was customary to keep a pair of wolves in a cage. The infamous bronze statue is not Etruscan but medieval; the statuettes of the two founders of Rome were added, apparently, by Antonio del Pollaiolo in the mid-15th century. At the time of Cola di Rienzo (an Italian medieval politician and popular leader, tribune of the Roman people in the mid-14th century), the Capitoline Wolf was replaced by a lion, a symbol of power to the people. This representation was abandoned when, in the second half of the 14th century, the lion (said Marciano, with a book and a sword) was adopted in the banners of the city of Venice.